Jack the Ripper claimed his first victim in 1888 - a prostitute in London’s East End know as ‘Polly’, though her real name was Mary Nichols. Her throat had been cut and there were various stab wounds to her stomach and genitals. About a month later, prostitute Annie Chapman was found disembowelled, her entrails laid across one shoulder. In a patter that was to prove horribly familiar, parts of the body, in this case the bladder, vagina, womb, and ovaries, were missing. The murders continued, each one more gruesome than the last; in the case of victim Catherine Eddowes, a kidney was removed and then half of it sent to the police with a letter bragging that the killer had eaten the other half. Finally, with the murder of Mary Kelly, the Ripper reached new depths of violence and madness: her dead body was disembowelled and her hand had been inserted into her stomach. In addition, her liver had been placed on her thigh, while her breast had been cut off and laid out beside her severed heart, kidneys, and nose. Strips of flesh were hung from nails around the room in which she was murdered. A post-mortem discovered that Kelly had been three months pregnant, but the Ripper had taken her womb and fetus with him. Jack the Ripper was never found, and speculation about him (or, according to one theory, her) continued to abound, casting a long shadow over the inhabitants of London for many years. Every time a fresh murder was committed, people would fear the hand of the Ripper; murders that had happened before the Ripper’s reign of terror were also re-examined. Currently, the case is still open, and the lists of suspects contribute to grow as the evidence is repeatedly sifted, in the hopes of one day solving the mystery.